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On the home page, you can choose to explore by where you are in the planning process or by topic of interest. Depending on the button you chose, the search filter boxes on the left come pre-set with suggested results.
You can then narrow or expand your search based on your interests by checking or unchecking items in the search boxes.
You can choose from:
- towns and watersheds to see what’s relevant to your geographic area
- species or species groups
- municipal plan type
adaptation type to see suggested actions
- costs, timing, geographic scope, and jurisdictional constraints to further narrow suggested actions
Clear Search will clear away all search settings and uncheck all items in the search boxes.
You can also jump around to all of the steps that will help you learn about action(s) to take:
- Communication & Engagement will teach you more about how to engage with the public about climate change.
- Vulnerability allows you to identify stressors affecting your community as well as the species and habitats in the area.
- Planning gives you ideas for how to address climate change in the municipal planning process.
- Action, the goal of this tool, supplies adaptation strategies specifically designed to address the impacts of climate change.
You can always visit the home page or the Quick Start button to look at different suggested searches based on topics of interest.
Communication & Engagement
Basic principles of public engagement with climate adaptation:
Public engagement enables everyone to participate in environmental and civic decisions in a meaningful and productive way. Climate adaptation is evolving and dynamic, requiring an interactive and continuous process among scientists, practitioners and the public. Municipal officials, planners, and the public need to be informed about current scientific and municipal planning information in order to understand, respond to, and prepare for the effects of climate change.
Involving the public in climate change science and policy is crucial for citizen understanding and partnership in adaptation. Scientists and municipal officials need to be able to translate complex scientific concerns about climate risk, risk analysis, and adaptation in a way that can be understood by non-experts so that the public can be informed and active in concerns that affect them.
Engaging the public can take many forms, from providing information to providing input into decision making. Decades of research and municipal experiences with public participation suggest that differences in the degree of power and influence among those involved can undermine even the best-intentioned process into frustrating and non-productive ends.
In order for public participation to be constructive, it is important to:
• be clear about the goals and processes of the engagement
• adapt the engagement strategy to the context of the issue and stakeholders
• include the public as early and often as possible
• adapt the communication strategy to evolving dynamics
• be inclusive and equitable across citizen demographics, knowledge, influence and values
• inform and engage to contribute to mutual respect and understanding
• enable consensus versus confrontation
• support long-term relationships between agencies and stakeholders
When public engagement is done successfully, it can improve the quality of decision-making, increase legitimacy of decisions for stakeholders, and increase the likelihood that decisions will be implemented. Additional readings and links about public participation are provided below.
1. Connecting on Climate Communications Guide - CRED and ecoAmerica.
2. Center for Climate Change Communication at George Mason University.
3. Yale Project on Climate Communication.
5. Community Resilience Building Workshop site, used by the Nature Conservancy in Connecticut.
6. The New England Climate Adaptation Project uses role-play simulation exercises and teaching notes for local community education and engagement with climate change risks and impacts..
7. The Institute for Local Government provides a portal about best practices for engaging the public in climate-related action and policy.
8. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency guide for engaging with the public concerning environmental concerns and decisions.
9. From California, a local official’s guide to engaging the public in climate-related action and policy.
10. Information portal in the European Climate Adaptation Platform is an interactive site to inventory knowledge about adaptation methods in the form of briefs and webinars and provide a platform for practitioners to exchange ideas.
-Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED) and ecoAmerica. (2014). Connecting on Climate: A Guide to Effective Climate Change Communication. NY and Washington, DC.
-Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Institute of planners, 35(4), 216-224.
-Few, Roger, Brown, Katrina, Tompkins, Emma. 2005. Public participation and climate change adaptation
-Rowe, G., & Frewer, L. J. (2000). Public participation methods: A framework for evaluation. Science, technology & human values, 25(1), 3-29
Vulnerability is the susceptibility of a species, system or resource to negative effects of climate change. Explore Vulnerability information below - narrow your search using the filters on the left or start with one of the Explore By Topic buttons on the home page. Learn more about Vulnerability Assessments here.
- Aquatic connectivity loss (roads and dams)
- Change in timing of seasons
- Changes in hydrology
- Changes in winter
- Coastal storms
- Development and habitat loss
- Invasive plants and animals
- Pests and diseases
- Precipitation changes
- Sea level rise
- Storms and floods
- Temperature changes
- Terrestrial connectivity loss (roads and development)
- Coastal: Beaches and dunes
- Coastal: Coastal plain ponds
- Coastal: Coastal sandplain grasslands
- Coastal: Coastal uplands and dunes
- Coastal: Estuaries & embayments
- Coastal: Salt marsh
- Coastal: Shellfish beds
- Forest: Beech- Birch- Maple
- Forest: Oak- Hickory
- Forest: Oak- Pine
- Forest: Pitch pine- Scrub oak
- Forest: Spruce- Fir
- Freshwater wetlands: Bogs and fens
- Freshwater wetlands: Forested wetlands
- Freshwater wetlands: Non-Forested wetlands
- Freshwater wetlands: Vernal pools
- Grasslands and shrublands: Grasslands
- Grasslands and shrublands: Shrublands
- Lakes and ponds: Large lakes and reservoirs
- Lakes and ponds: Small lakes and ponds
- Rivers and streams: Coldwater fisheries resources streams
- Rivers and streams: Large and great rivers
- Rivers and streams: Rivers
- Rivers and streams: Streams
- American Beaver
- American Black Duck
- American Bullfrog
- American Eel
- American Mink
- American Oystercatcher
- American Shad
- American Woodcock
- Atlantic Salmon
- Atlantic Sturgeon
- Black Bear
- Blackburnian Warbler
- Blackpoll Warbler
- Blanding's Turtle
- Blue-winged Teal
- Blueback Herring
- Brook Floater
- Brook Trout
- Canada Warbler
- Clapper Rail
- Coastal Fish
- Eastern Meadowlark
- Eastern Spadefoot Toad
- Forage Fish
- Fowler's Toad
- Frosted Elfin
- Hessel's Hairstreak
- Horseshoe Crab
- Long-tailed Duck
- Louisiana Waterthrush
- Marbled Salamander
- Marsh Wren
- New England Cottontail
- Northeastern Beach Tiger Beetle
- Northern Diamond-backed Terrapin
- Northern Harrier
- Northern Long-eared Bat
- Olive-sided Flycatcher
- Piping Plover
- Prairie Warbler
- Red Knot
- Ruffed Grouse
- Saltmarsh Sparrow
- Shortnosed Sturgeon
- Smooth Green Snake
- Snowshoe Hare
- Snowy Egret
- Spring Salamander
- Virginia Rail
- White Sucker
- White-tailed Deer
- Wild Turkey
- Wood Duck
- Wood Thrush
- Wood Turtle
Adaptation can minimize the impacts of climate change at the local level. Municipal actions can cool environments, reduce flooding, and proactively address the impacts of sea level rise. The core of adaptation is that the choices made now are based on climate projections and specific vulnerabilities, and designed to function under the climate of the future. Over the long term, the community will save money as forward planning results in infrastructure that’s suited to a changing climate, rather than having it be outdated and undersized very quickly.
Municipal Adaptation Planning
Preparing your community or site to be climate-adapted takes simple steps that are generally very similar to planning you have done before. There are two primary approaches that can be used:
• Prepare an independent climate action plan
• Integrate adaptation into an existing plan
The most comprehensive approach is preparing a plan that looks at all aspects of climate mitigation and adaptation and then identifies all the other plans and regulations that need to change to implement the climate action plan. The goals and values, climate projections, community wide vulnerability, proposed steps, and implementation and monitoring that are included in this climate action plan can then be taken up in other plans. This comprehensive approach allows you to consider both reducing greenhouse gasses (mitigation) and preparing for future climate (adaptation) together, which can be beneficial to be sure that you are not proposing options that harm one or the other (maladaptation).
Alternatively, your municipality may choose to integrate climate change directly into existing plans when they are being revised. We present information on a number of plans here (choose a plan on the left). This integration may also be a step toward implementing your stand-alone climate action plan. The first step in all cases will be a vulnerability assessment.
There are no adaptation actions for the plan type(s) selected.
We can take meaningful action now to address the impacts of climate change on our natural resources. Explore suggested adaptation strategies and actions below. Narrow your search using the filters on the left or start with one of the Explore By Topic buttons on the home page.
- Adapt or update municipal plans: Create a Climate Action Plan
- Adapt or update municipal plans: Hazard Mitigation Plans
- Adapt or update municipal plans: Master Plans
- Adapt or update municipal plans: Open Space Plans
- Adapt or update municipal plans: Transportation Improvement Plans
- Communicate effectively about your work: Learn how to talk about climate change
- Conservation restriction purposes: Consider climate change impacts
- Create or amend local wetland bylaws: Account for projected sea level rise
- Create or amend local wetland bylaws: Beach migration and shoreline transitional areas
- Ensure cool water temperatures: Protect and restore riparian areas
- Improve coastal resiliency: Conserve and create blue carbon sinks
- Keep forests as forests: Protect your land
- Learn from climate data: Explore regional downscaled climate data
- Maintain diversity of native tree species: Restore native tree species
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Amphibian and reptile tunnels
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Assessment of road-stream crossings
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Collect road crossing data
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Large wildlife passage structures
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Modify stream crossings to allow wildlife passage
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Restore tidally-driven rivers, estuarine, and marine habitats
- Maintain habitat connectivity: Retrofit or replace culverts
- Maintain or improve the ability of forests to resist pests and pathogens: Increase species and structural diversity
- Maintain or restore soil quality: Increase snags and logs
- Maintain or restore soil quality: Limit recreational impacts
- Maintain or restore soil quality: Protect soils during harvests
- Manage floodwater: Create a floodable park or open space
- Manage herbivory to promote tree regeneration: Control deer/moose impacts
- Practice coastal stewardship: Protect coastal resources
- Practice responsible recreation: Follow best boating techniques
- Practice responsible recreation: Use best methods for catch-and-release fishing
- Preserve unique habitats: Establish forest patch reserves
- Prevent the introduction of invasive species: Control invasive exotic plants
- Prevent the introduction of invasive species: Monitor for invasive insects
- Prioritize at-risk communities: Protect rare species
- Promote drought and heat-tolerant species: Encourage species in northern and middle edge of range
- Promote drought and heat-tolerant species: Promote adapted trees in beech-birch-maple forests
- Promote drought and heat-tolerant species: Promote adapted trees in oak/hickory forests
- Promote drought and heat-tolerant species: Promote adapted trees in oak/pine forests
- Promote drought and heat-tolerant species: Promote adapted trees in pitch pine - scrub oak forests
- Promote drought and heat-tolerant species: Promote adapted trees in spruce-fir forests
- Promote structural diversity: Diversify tree age classes
- Promote structural diversity: Retain biological legacies
- Protect ecosystem diversity: Establish large connected conserved areas
- Protect forest streams and wetlands: Maintain riparian and wetland buffers
- Protect land: Protect land in perpetuity
- Protect land: Strategic land protection
- Reduce wind and ice damage: Increase structural diversity of the forest
- Restore affected estuaries: Manage extensive crab herbivory
- Restore affected estuaries: Reduce nutrient pollution
- Restore affected estuaries: Reduce sediment pollution
- Restore and protect natural shorelines: Use living shoreline techniques
- Restore habitat connectivity: Remove obsolete dams
- Restore natural coastal buffers: Beach and dune nourishment and restoration
- Restore natural coastal buffers: Bioengineering for coastal banks
- Restore natural coastal buffers: Native vegetation buffers and plantings
- Use current fire management best practices: Restore pitch pine woodlands
- Use threshold-based adaptive management: Incorporate ecological thresholds to guide coastal protection and restoration
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